Hikes & Trails

Eagle Rock Loop: Where History, Nature, and Adventure Converge

POSTED ON May 10, 2023 BY Ralph S.


Welcome to an exhilarating adventure through the picturesque landscapes of the Eagle Rock Loop Trail. Nestled within the heart of the Ouachita National Forest, Arkansas. This renowned 27.5-mile (44 km) trail in Arkansas offers an unforgettable experience for hikers and nature enthusiasts alike.

As you traverse the winding paths, you’ll find yourself enchanted by the breathtaking vistas of the Ouachita Mountains and the tranquil flow of the Little Missouri River. With its accessibility year-round and an array of terrain to conquer, including stream crossings and rocky trails, this loop promises excitement at every turn.

Whether you’re looking for a peaceful walk through nature or an adrenaline-pumping trek across fields and rocks, join us as we unravel the beauty and allure of the Eagle Rock Loop. Covering a few miles and half a mile at a time, leading to sweeping views and unforgettable memories along Viles Branch and beyond.

Ouachita National Forest

History of the Eagle Rock Loop

The history of the Eagle Rock Loop is as rich and diverse as the stunning landscapes it traverses. Situated in the heart of the Ouachita Forest in Arkansas, this renowned trail has a legacy dating back centuries.

Native American tribes, including the Caddo and Quapaw, once roamed these lands, leaving behind traces of their presence along the banks of the Little Missouri River and throughout the Ouachita Mountains. For them, the area served as a vital resource for sustenance and spiritual connection with the natural world.

As time progressed, European settlers began exploring and settling in the region during the early 19th century. Routes and paths were established to facilitate transportation and trade. River crossings and creek crossings were essential for early settlers to navigate through the rugged terrain of the mountains.

One of the key figures in the history of the Eagle Rock Loop was Albert Pike, a prominent lawyer and writer who played a significant role in the American Civil War. Pike was also a dedicated Freemason, and his contributions to the Masonic fraternity have earned him historical significance. The trail head at Albert Pike Recreation Area (map) stands as a tribute to his legacy.

Over time, the paths used by Native Americans and early settlers evolved into what we now know as the Eagle Rock Loop. It winds through the breathtaking scenery of Athens Big Fork, Long Creek, Winding Stairs, and other trails, offering hikers sweeping views and access to a remarkable array of water crossings, including creeks and river crossings.

Today, the Eagle Rock Loop remains open year-round, inviting adventurers to cross its challenging terrain and explore its diverse landscapes. The main trail spans a few miles, while some offshoots offer shorter, half-mile journeys.

Hikers come from all over to experience the exhilarating trip, cross crystal-clear streams, traverse rocky sections, and immerse themselves in the untamed beauty of nature.

Key Facts About Eagle Rock Loop

Total Length: Approximately 26.8 miles (43.1 kilometers)

Established: As a designated trail in the Ouachita National Forest in the late 1980s.

Elevation Gain: Around 3,000 to 4,000 feet (914 to 1219 meters).

Hiking Time: It takes around 3 to 4 days to complete the entire loop, but experienced hikers might finish it in 2 days.

Lowest Point: The river crossings along the Little Missouri River.

Highest Point: The ridges of the Ouachita Mountains.

Scenic overlook at Little Missouri River

Trail Overview: Difficulty Levels and Route Options

Embarking on the Eagle Rock Loop promises a thrilling and rewarding hiking experience amidst the pristine beauty of the Ouachita National Forest in Arkansas.

As you prepare for this adventure, set your expectations high.

Eagle Rock Loop is graded as “moderate to strenuous,” and it’s recommended for experienced hikers who have tackled similar trails. The terrain is rocky and uneven, and the altitude can vary from 600 to 2,600 feet (183 – 792 meters), with a cumulative elevation gain of 2,500 feet (762 meters). The difficulty of the trail can be attributed to its steep, dangerous climbs, descents on rocky terrain, and river crossings that are challenging in periods of high but cool water. So, make sure you have stamina, nutrition, and hydration before setting out. You can find good information in our blog post about how to get in shape for hiking.

The trailhead can be found at the Albert Pike Recreation Area and Little Missouri Falls Recreation Area, approximately a 3-hour drive from central Arkansas. It offers a convenient starting point for the journey. From here, you can choose from various routes, including the Athens Big Fork, Little Missouri, Missouri Falls, and Viles Branch Trail, each with its own unique allure.

There are two circuit options clockwise or anti-clockwise. Each encompasses a distance of around 26.8 miles (43.1 kilometers), with the same awe-inspiring views and attractions along the way.

The Clockwise circuit starts at Little Missouri Falls (map) and goes in a clockwise direction, while the Anti-Clockwise route starts at the Albert Pike Recreation Area (map) and goes counterclockwise.

For those seeking a shorter option, consider a spur trail to cut the journey in half. The Little Missouri Trail can serve as an alternative starting point if you opt for the southern portion of the loop.

Throughout the hike, hikers will encounter stunning viewpoints, including the famous Eagle Rock Vista and Spirit Rock Vista. These vantage points offer sweeping views of the surrounding mountains and the meandering Little Missouri River through the Winding Stairs area.

Nonetheless, it is essential to be cautious during water crossings, especially at Long Creek, as flash flooding can pose dangers. Use designated bridges whenever available, and exercise caution while crossing rocky terrain.

Also, you’ll encounter varying terrain, from steep rocky climbs and creek crossings to rugged landscapes, particularly in the Winding Stair area. Be prepared to traverse challenging sections and elevate your adventure with each mile covered.

Lastly, you may end up rushing if you’re attempting the trail as a day hike. So, it’s advisable to set off early and hike at a steady pace.

Creek crossing

Three day Itinerary

Day 1: Little Missouri Trailhead to Viles Branch Campsite

Start your journey by heading out from the Little Missouri Trail and crossing the Arkansas River. Enjoy breathtaking views as you make your way through picturesque scenery, with plenty of opportunities to take in the sights and sounds of nature.

At around 10 miles (16 km), you’ll reach Winding Stair Mountain, where you will descend steep rocky terrain before making your way to Viles Branch Primitive Campsite.

  • Total distance: About 10 miles (16 km)

Day 2: Viles Branch Campsite to Little Missouri Campsite

On the second day of your journey, you will get the chance to traverse some of the most challenging sections of the Eagle Rock Loop. You should aim to cover around 8 miles (12 km) to complete this milestone successfully.

Begin your trek and take in views of the stunning Nashville Mountains while crossing numerous creeks and streams. Once you reach Long Creek, it’s time for an exciting water crossing and a gradual descent into the Little Missouri. You can rest for a few minutes or an hour at the Albert Pike Recreation Area.

After a few more miles of trekking, you will reach your destination, Little Missouri Primitive Campsite – where you can rest for the night.

  • Total distance: About 9 miles (16 km)

Day 3: Little Missouri Campsite to Little Missouri Falls Trailhead

This is the final leap. Wake up to the serene beauty of this Primitive campsite and prepare for the final stretch of your journey. It should cover approximately 8 miles (13 km)

Start by navigating up the challenging ridges of the Athens Big Fork Trail, where you’ll find the most severe elevation gain of the entire loop. Take a moment to enjoy the glorious panorama from atop the ridge before you begin your descent. As you make your way down, you will encounter the captivating Brush Heap Mountain.

Continue along the river, taking care to safely navigate around the slippery rocks and possible water crossings. As you approach the end of the trail, the wilderness gives way to the familiar sights of the Little Missouri Falls Trail along Forest Road 25, marking the end of your epic three-day hike.

Seasonal Considerations: Best Times to Hike and Weather Conditions

The Eagle Rock Loop, in the scenic Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas, offers hikers a diverse and captivating experience throughout the year. Therefore, understanding the climate and weather for each season can greatly enhance your hiking adventure along this trail.

Spring (March to May)

Spring brings a refreshing and vibrant atmosphere to the Eagle Rock Loop. Temperatures range from 10°C to 25°C (50°F to 77°F), creating ideal hiking conditions for many outdoor enthusiasts.

The landscape, on the other hand, bursts with blooming wildflowers, and the sound of rushing water from creeks and water crossings, like the Little Missouri Falls along Forest Road 25 and Long Creek, adds to the serene ambiance.

Keep in mind that spring showers are common, making proper waterproof gear a must.

Summer (June to August)

Summer in the Eagle Rock Loop is hot, with temperatures soaring from 24°C to 33°C (75°F to 91°F). The trail is alive with lush greenery, offering picturesque views at every turn, including the renowned Eagle Rock Vista.

However, hikers should prepare for the heat and stay hydrated during the journey. Frequent creek crossings, like Brier Creek, provide ample opportunities to cool off and replenish water supplies.

Carry sufficient water and sunscreen to combat the scorching sun.

Fall (September to November)

Autumn graces the Eagle Rock Loop with stunning foliage as the leaves change color, painting the entire landscape in warm hues. The temperatures become milder, ranging from 7°C to 24°C (45°F to 75°F), making it a perfect time for hiking.

The winding stairs and other rocky sections are more enjoyable in cooler weather.

Don’t forget to bring extra layers, as the evenings can get chilly, especially at higher elevations.

Winter (December to February)

Winter offers a unique and quieter experience on the trail. Temperatures can range from 0°C to 16°C (32°F to 61°F), and occasionally, the region experiences snowfall, transforming the landscape into a winter wonderland.

Hiking in winter requires extra caution, as some sections may become slippery or dangerous to cross/climb due to icy conditions.

Be well-prepared with proper winter gear and check road conditions before heading out. You can also check out our guide to winter hiking to understand everything that is required for such expeditions.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to hike the Eagle Rock Loop is from late September through November and mid-March through May. During this period, you can expect cool temperatures, fewer crowds, and a chance to witness fall foliage and lush spring growth. Routes can be more challenging during the winter months with below freezing temperatures and an occasional snowfall.

In the summer months, the temperatures can get considerably high, making it strenuous for hikers. Thunderstorms can occur at any given time, so make sure to pack rain gear and be aware of current local weather warnings.

Before planning your trip, be sure to check trail conditions and weather forecasts, and prepare accordingly to ensure a safe and enjoyable journey.

Essential Gear for a Successful Eagle Rock Loop Hike

Having the right gear is crucial to ensuring a safe and enjoyable experience along the loop. The trail’s diverse landscapes, challenging water crossings, and rocky terrain demand preparation and appropriate equipment.

Outdoor navigation tool

Here are some recommended gear items to consider before setting foot on the trail:

  1. Detailed Maps

Carry detailed topographic maps to confidently navigate loops such as the Little Missouri Trail (map) or the Athens Big Fork Trail (map). Understanding the route, including key landmarks like the Little Missouri Trailhead, Spur Trail, Viles Branch Horse Trail, and Eagle Rock Vista, will help you stay on track and avoid getting lost.

You can also include outdoor navigation tools and hiking apps.

  1. Sturdy Footwear

Invest in a pair of reliable hiking boots with good ankle support and traction. The terrain can be rugged and rocky, particularly near Heap Mountain and other sections, demanding sturdy footwear with a pair of compression socks to protect your feet and provide stability when crossing uneven ground. We have a blog post that can help you choose the perfect hiking socks.

  1. Water Shoes

With numerous creek crossings and waterways to navigate, water shoes are invaluable gear items for hikers. Consider comfortable, quick-drying shoes to make crossing stream crossing and creeks safer and more efficient.

  1. Water Crossing Equipment

Carry trekking poles or a sturdy walking stick to assist you while crossing waterways. They provide additional balance and support when navigating the often slippery surfaces during water crossings.

  1. Hydration System

Stay well-hydrated, especially during the hot summer months, by carrying a reliable hydration system, such as a hydration pack or water bottles. Utilizing clean river water sources is essential, but always ensure to purify or filter water before drinking.

  1. Navigation Aids

Apart from maps, bring a compass or a GPS device to help with navigation, especially in less-marked sections, like the Eagle Rock Vista.

  1. First Aid Kit

Prepare a compact first aid kit with essential items like bandages, antiseptic wipes, pain relievers, and any personal medications you might need during the trip. You can avoid common hiking injuries by reading our guide on how to prevent and treat hiking injuries.

  1. Clothing Layers

Wear moisture-wicking and breathable clothing suitable for the season. Dressing in layers will help you adjust to varying temperatures and stay comfortable during the hike. Check out our guide to choosing the best hiking clothes for your next adventure.

Where to Stay: Camping and Overnight Stays

Camping in the Eagle Rock Loop is a delightful experience that allows hikers to immerse themselves in the serene beauty of the Ouachita Forest.

Although there are about six designated primitive areas of the loop where hikers can camp, it can get overcrowded during weekends and peak seasons. So, it’s crucial to plan ahead and reserve a campsite if possible.

Always be conscious of your surroundings and watch out for venomous snakes and other wildlife like the black bear before choosing a camping spot. Also, decide if you’d like to camp in a designated area or a primitive site. Lastly, consider the time of year and weather conditions when selecting your spot.

Overnight stay

Here are the two popular camping spots available in the park.

Viles Branch Creek Campsite

This campsite is a popular camping area for hikers along the loop. It is known for its beautiful location, nestled amidst the serene wilderness of Ouachita Forest. It offers a pristine environment for campers to unwind and connect with nature after an adventurous day of hiking.

Due to its close proximity to water sources, it provides easy access to essential resources and adds a sense of convenience for campers. However, like every other campsite, remember to check availability and any specific rules or restrictions before setting up your tent.

Little Missouri Primitive Campsite

Located near the Little Missouri River, this campground provides a convenient and scenic camping spot for hikers exploring the loop. The campground offers various amenities, including designated camping sites, restrooms, and picnic areas, making it a popular choice for both beginners and experienced hikers.


While camping along the loop does not require a specific permit, it’s essential to be aware of certain regulations, guidelines, and trail etiquette.

Hikers should obtain a free backcountry use permit from the U.S. Forest Service. The permit helps authorities keep track of visitors and ensures the responsible use of the wilderness area.

Getting There: Directions and Transportation Options

Proper preparation and planning are essential for a safe and enjoyable experience. But always remember to keep an eye on mileage markers and access points to fully immerse yourself in the beauty of the Eagle Rock Loop.

Let’s explore the best ways to get there and navigate around the loop to embark on this unforgettable adventure.

Nearest Airport

For travelers arriving from afar, the nearest major airport to the loop is the Bill and Hillary Clinton National Airport (LIT) in Little Rock, Arkansas. From this airport, you can kickstart your hiking adventure with ease.

Getting from the Airport to the Park

  • By Car Rental: Renting a car from the airport is a convenient option for those who prefer the freedom to explore at their own pace. Little Rock provides multiple car rental agencies, and from there, it’s approximately a 2 to 3-hour drive to reach the main trailhead.
  • Shuttle Services: Consider utilizing shuttle services or shared transportation options to get from the airport to the Ouachita National Forest. These services may offer a more budget-friendly and eco-conscious alternative to car rentals.

Navigating Around the Trail:

There are some key points to help you navigate Eagle Rock once you’ve reached it.

  • Main Trail and Other Trails: The Eagle Rock Loop trail has a main loop, along with various spur routes Stay attentive to blazes and signage to follow the correct route.
  • Parking Area and Parking Lot: Parking areas are typically available near the trailhead, like the Little Missouri Trail, providing a safe spot to leave your vehicle while you embark on your hike.
  • Heading in the Right Direction: Utilize compasses, GPS devices, or smartphone navigation apps to ensure you’re heading in the right direction and avoid getting lost.


The Eagle Rock Loop offers a sense of adventure that passes beyond the mundane and transports your senses to a whole new level. The loop may be challenging, but it provides an unparalleled experience and unforgettable memories.

Eagle Rock Loop is the perfect trail to test your limits, challenge your mental and physical willpower, and embrace the rawness of nature, whether you’re into camping or backpacking.

So, pack your gear, lace up your boots, and head out to explore the beauty of the Ouachita range on the Eagle Rock Loop. It’s a journey you’ll never forget.

You can check out other Hikes and trails to find the ideal destinations to visit.


Ralph S. is the founder of Silverlight, an avid hiker and trail runner he enjoys spending time outdoors, riding his motorcycle and swimming at the beach when he's not busy replying to customers or developing new Silverlight gear.

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